Frequently Asked Questions

When should my child first visit the Orthodontist?

According to the American Association of Orthodontists, every child should have an orthodontic evaluation by the age of 7 years old. Although treatment may not begin right away, an early examination allows us to monitor your child’s development through our Observation program. This recall program is offered to you at no charge and covers all observation appointments needed until your child is ready to begin treatment.

How do I know if I’m a good candidate for orthodontics?

One absolute requirement for safe tooth movement is a healthy foundation of the bone and gum tissues surrounding each tooth. Patients with active gum disease or untreated cavities are not candidates for orthodontic treatment until the health of their mouth is restored.

What are the benefits of visiting you, instead of subscribing to a direct-to-consumer program?

We know how enticing these direct-to-consumer orthodontic companies can sound, but we advise you to be cautious and skeptical before committing to one. Working directly with an orthodontist not only helps you achieve successful tooth movement, but we can also intercept potential problems throughout your treatment, like tooth fractures or a misaligned bite. The risk of creating a serious dental problem by unsupervised orthodontic care is higher than any potential financial savings. If you’re still unsure, check out this list of questions to consider by the American Association of Orthodontists.

How should I decide between Invisalign and Traditional braces?

If either Invisalign or Traditional braces can accomplish your treatment goals, there are some tips to consider. Many patients love the almost-invisible appearance of clear aligners compared to metal or ceramic braces. Also Invisalign offers the convenience of being able to remove them and watch your progress daily. However the ability to remove the aligners places additional responsibility on the patient as losing or wearing them less than the recommended 22 hours per day can delay your treatment.

 How often will I need to visit the orthodontist?

Depending on your treatment needs, most patients in braces visit us every 4 to 8 weeks.

Do braces hurt?

Many patients will have some discomfort after their braces are first put on or adjusted during treatment. We recommend patients manage this with whichever pain medication you might commonly take for a headache, in accordance with the dosage and directions given by your doctor or pharmacist. The lips, cheeks and tongue may also become irritated for one to two weeks as the mouth becomes accustomed to the surface of the braces. Overall, discomfort should be short-lived and mild to manage. If you or your child are experiencing prolonged pain or extreme discomfort, please contact us.

Will I need to change my diet when I begin treatment?

You’ll be glad to know that you can continue to enjoy many of the same foods you did before getting braces. We recommend you try to avoid hard, crunchy and sticky foods that can damage your braces. Examples would be ice, hard pizza crust, hard pretzels, chips, hard candy, taffy, beef jerky, popcorn, sodas, and nuts. Eating these foods could put you at risk of loosening or knocking off a bracket or bending a wire. Damage to your braces can extend your treatment time. Patients with Invisalign have the benefit of being able to remove their clear aligners during mealtime, thus minimizing the risk of damage from hard or sticky foods. However, patients should be diligent in keeping their aligners clean, brushing frequently, and avoiding drinking anything besides water when their aligners are in to prevent plaque buildup and the teeth from becoming permanently stained.

How long will I need to wear braces?

Every case is unique, however general orthodontic treatment lasts from one to three years. Depending on the severity of your case and the cooperation of the patient, treatment may take longer or require less time.

What are the benefits of orthodontics for adults?

Orthodontic treatment is successful in correcting many common smile problems, including crowding, spacing, crossbites, and much more, and should be considered by anyone unhappy with the appearance or function of their bite. More than just a cosmetic treatment, straight teeth aid in your ability to maintain your oral health. Properly aligning your teeth makes it easier to brush and floss, thus decreasing your likelihood of plaque buildup and gum disease and aiding patients in achieving a healthier, longer-lasting smile

What are the advantages of two-phase ortho treatment?

Two-phase orthodontic treatment is a specialized process that combines teeth straightening with facial and jaw changes. With early treatment (Phase 1) Dr. Robirds has the ability to correct the growth of your child’s upper and lower jaws, giving the adult teeth enough room to come in straight. This early correction may prevent later removal of permanent teeth to correct overcrowding and/or surgical procedures to align the upper and lower jaws.

Another good reason to consider early treatment is when the position of the teeth are changing the child’s appearance to the extent that their self-esteem is negatively affected.

Once the first phase of treatment is complete there is a resting period while the remaining permanent teeth are erupting. Dr. Robirds will continue evaluating your child about every 6 months to determine the proper time to begin any necessary second-phase treatment.

Will I need extractions?

We often see patients whose jaws are simply not big enough for all of their teeth to come in at the correct position and alignment. In order for your orthodontist to position the teeth in a straight alignment within the jawbone, it may be necessary to remove one or more teeth. In many cases our team will refer you to your dentist or an oral surgeon for tooth extractions.

This applies to both baby teeth and permanent teeth. For interceptive orthodontics, where your doctor is guiding the position of the teeth as they come into the mouth at an early age, he or she may recommend removing baby teeth to create space. 

What is Surgical Orthodontics?

Surgical orthodontics or “Orthodontics in conjunction with Jaw Surgery” may be necessary for someone whose upper and lower jaws, which hold the teeth, are out of position. Consequently, the upper and lower teeth don’t fit, impairing the ability to bite, chew or speak. You may recognize these situations as severe underbites, overbites or open bites.  Dr. Robirds will work in conjunction with an oral and maxillofacial surgeon to position your jaws and teeth for optimal function.  

Jaw Surgery is performed by an Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon on patients who have finished growing – 14 to 16 years for females and ages 17 to 21 years for males. Orthodontic treatment begins several months before Jaw Surgery can take place.  The purpose is so that Dr. Robirds can align the teeth so that they fit correctly after surgery is performed. Orthodontic treatment then continues for several months after surgery to bring the teeth into their final, optimal positions for good function.